https://www.khutbah.info/the-sacred-months/ All praise is due to Allah the Knowing Creator. He created His servants and guided them to His religion and commanded acts of obedience and prohibited acts of disobedience. So whoever obeys Him is guided and saved. And whoever disobeys him perishes and deviates. The creation is His creation. And the land is His land. And the religion is His religion. And the matter is His and not for other than Him. Allah said: Al (7) Araf 54: Unquestionably, His is the creation and the command; blessed is Allah, Lord of the worlds. Designating a period of time or place sacred, inviolable or prohibited for the purpose of worship is only through revealed ordainments. Because magnifying and prohibiting is the right of Allah Most High. Worship is not performed except for Him, Glory be to Him. Otherwise, human authorities could place restrictions on a time or place not in the sense of worship but rather for the sake of a worldly interest for them or for the general population. The Prophet ﷺ informed about people placing restrictions when he said: Indeed for every king is a sanctuary (pasture), and indeed Allah’s sanctuary is what He made unlawful. [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1205]
إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلَّهِ ,نَحْمَدُهُ ,وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ , وَنَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْ شُرُورِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا ,مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللهُ فَلَا مُضِلَّ لَهُ , وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ , وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
Verily, all praise is for Allah. We praise Him, we seek His assistance and we ask for His forgiveness. And we seek refuge in Him from the evils of our selves. Whoever Allah guides, none can misguide. Whoever He misguides, none can guide. And I bear witness that there is no deity other than Allah and I bear witness that Mohammad is His slave and messenger.
يَا أَيُّهَا الّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ – آل عمران:102
Al Imran 102 : O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam.
All praise is due to Allah the Knowing Creator. He created His servants and guided them to His religion and commanded acts of obedience and prohibited acts of disobedience. So whoever obeys Him is guided and saved. And whoever disobeys him perishes and deviates. The creation is His creation. And the land is His land. And the religion is His religion. And the matter is His and not for other than Him. Allah said:
أَلَا لَهُ الخَلْقُ وَالأَمْرُ تَبَارَكَ اللهُ رَبُّ العَالَمِينَ-الأعراف 54
Al (7) Araf 54: Unquestionably, His is the creation and the command; blessed is Allah, Lord of the worlds.
Designating a period of time or place sacred, inviolable or prohibited for the purpose of worship is only through revealed ordainments. Because magnifying and prohibiting is the right of Allah Most High. Worship is not performed except for Him, Glory be to Him. Otherwise, human authorities could place restrictions on a time or place not in the sense of worship but rather for the sake of a worldly interest for them or for the general population. The Prophet ﷺ informed about people placing restrictions when he said:
أَلَا وَإِنَّ لِكُلِّ مَلِكٍ حِمًى، أَلَا وَإِنَّ حِمَى اللَّـهِ مَحَارِمُهُ .
Indeed for every king is a sanctuary (pasture), and indeed Allah’s sanctuary is what He made unlawful. [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1205]
And every time, place, actions or speech that Allah Almighty has prohibited, is for the benefit of mankind. And their violation of its sanctity does not harm Allah Almighty at all. Rather, it harms them sooner and later.
And the prohibitions from Allah are a trial for mankind. To show who is conscious of Him and magnifies His sacred ordinances and those who are not conscious of Him and violate them.
ذَلِكَ وَمَنْ يُعَظِّمْ حُرُمَاتِ اللَّـهِ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَهُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِ-الحج 30
Al Hajj (22) 30: That [has been commanded], and whoever honors the sacred ordinances of Allah – it is best for him in the sight of his Lord.
And in all religions and communities there are sacred times and places from the standpoint of worship. What is done in them is not done in other than them. Their sanctity could be correct but later abrogated like the case of Sabbath. Allah said:
وَقُلْنَا لهُمْ لَا تَعْدُوا فِي السَّبْتِ وَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُمْ مِيثَاقًا غَلِيظًا-النساء 154
An Nisa (4) 154: And We said to them, “Do not transgress on the sabbath”; and We took from them a solemn covenant.
The sacredness was lifted in the ordinances revealed to Prophet Mohammed ﷺ.
Or making something sacred could be a deviation with no basis such as is the case of the places of worship of the idolaters. And their designation of scared times for worship. And this is found in many nations.
And from what Allah has made inviolable for followers of Islam is the four months that are named the sacred months for their sanctity. And they are Dhul-Qaʿdah, Dhul-Ḥijjah, Muharram and Rajab. And their designation as sacred came in Allah’s book:
إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّـهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّـهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ القَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ-التوبة 36
At Tawbah (9) 36: Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion [i.e., way], so do not wrong yourselves during them.
So Allah – Glory be to Him – has decreed that the months should be twelve months since He created the heavens and the earth. Accordingly, these months, known to mankind, were decreed by Almighty and He did not leave room for them to speculate. Otherwise they would have differed and lost account of the months and the years. And they would have wandered aimlessly not knowing the timings of the acts of worship. So it is from His mercy – Glory be to Him – that He organized that for them. And made His signs, the sun and the moon, such that none of mankind can accelerate or delay them or stop them or abolish them.
And in another verse:
وَجَعَلَ اللَّيْلَ سَكَنًا وَالشَّمْسَ وَالقَمَرَ حُسْبَانًا ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ-الأنعام 96
Al Anam (6) 96: And has made the night for rest and the sun and moon for calculation. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing.
And in another verse:
هُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ ضِيَاءً وَالقَمَرَ نُورًا وَقَدَّرَهُ مَنَازِلَ لِتَعْلَمُوا عَدَدَ السِّنِينَ وَالحِسَابَ مَا خَلَقَ اللهُ ذَلِكَ إِلَّا بِالحَقِّ يُفَصِّلُ الآَيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ-يونس 5
Yunus (10) 5: It is He who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases – that you may know the number of years and account [of time]. Allah has not created this except in truth. He details the signs for a people who know.
So the day and the week are determined according to the sun. And the month and year are calculated according to the orbit of the moon. Thus, this regulates the calculation of time. Allah said:
الشَّمْسُ وَالقَمَرُ بِحُسْبَانٍ-الرَّحمن 5
Ar Rahman (55) 5: The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation
For He, Glory be to Him, when He appointed times for worship, He made the knowledge of that based on the movement (relative to the earth) of the sun and moon and not calculations. So that it may be known by the unlettered, knowledgeable, ignorant, and astronomer. Otherwise, an error in calculations could misguide people in the timings of their worship. So the prayer is known by the sun’s (relative) movement. And the timings for fasting and Hajj are known by the crescents. Allah said:
يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الأَهِلَّةِ قُلْ هِيَ مَوَاقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ وَالحَجِّ-البقرة 189
Al Baqarah 189: They ask you, [O Moḥammad], about the crescent moons. Say, They are measurements of time for the people and for ḥajj [pilgrimage].
That is time-based milestones for people’s activities such as farming, trading, length of pregnancy, repaying debts, starting the fast, breaking the fast, when zakat is due, waiting periods to be observed by women after divorce, performing Hajj rites, prayers and other than that.
And from the wisdom of linking annual worships such as fasting, Hajj and Eids with the crescents is that that they pass through all the seasons. So worship is performed in their cycle in all seasons. So whoever fasts Ramadan in thirty years will have fasted in all seasons, including those that make fasting difficult and those that make fasting easy. And likewise the repetition for Hajj. So fasting and Hajj take place in severe cold, in severe heat, and in mild weather.
And it is prohibited to violate through sins the four months that Allah has made sacred. And fighting is restricted within them so that people going to Hajj and Umrah may be safe during them. And their designation as sacred came upon the tongue of Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, and the Arabs inherited that in speech and action, except that they tampered with them through a practice called An Nasi’ which is postponing them. And it is a ploy that they used to allow the prohibited, as is the practice of the people following their whims and desires. Allah said:
إِنَّمَا النَّسِيءُ زِيَادَةٌ فِي الكُفْرِ يُضَلُّ بِهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُحِلُّونَهُ عَامًا وَيُحَرِّمُونَهُ عَامًا لِيُوَاطِئُوا عِدَّةَ مَا حَرَّمَ اللهُ فَيُحِلُّوا مَا حَرَّمَ اللهُ زُيِّنَ لَهُمْ سُوءُ أَعْمَالِهِمْ وَاللهُ لَا يَهْدِي القَوْمَ الكَافِرِينَ-التوبة 37
At Tawbah (9) 37: Indeed, the postponing [of restriction within sacred months] is an increase in disbelief by which those who have disbelieved are led [further] astray. They make it lawful one year and unlawful another year to correspond to the number made unlawful by Allāh and [thus] make lawful what Allāh has made unlawful. Made pleasing to them is the evil of their deeds; and Allāh does not guide the disbelieving people.
The pre-Islamic Arabs used to prohibit fighting during Muharram. But if they needed to do so they made the month of Safar sacred instead and they fought in Muharram. And the reason for this was that had many wars and raids, so it was difficult for them to not fight for three consecutive months. They believed that if three months passed and they were not able get any spoils then they would perish. So they transferred the sanctity of Muharram to Safar. In doing so, they removed the restrictions from Muharram.
And it was called Muharram (the forbidden) to emphasize its sanctity. The pre-Islamic Arabs used to alternate in making it sacred one year and not in the next year. And Allah decreed the months as twelve months, four of which are sacred. And it is the correct religion that Allah is pleased for His servants. So changing the prohibition in it from its time to another time is a deviation from the true religion in which there is no crookedness.
And Allah, the Most High, has made changing what he decreed of the sacredness of the four months an increase of disbelief of the disbeliever.
إِنَّمَا النَّسِيءُ زِيَادَةٌ فِي الكُفْرِ يُضَلُّ بِهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا-التوبة 37
At Tawbah (9) 37: Indeed, the postponing [of restriction within sacred months] is an increase in disbelief by which those who have disbelieved are led [further] astray.
So along with their association of others with Allah, they altered what Allah ordained of the sanctity of the four months. And that was an increase in their disbelief. And likewise is the case for every alteration of the ordainments of Allah Almighty. Because it is defying and disobeying Allah Almighty in His command.
And whoever circumvents Allah’s ordainments to permit what is forbidden or to drop an obligation, then he has imitated the polytheists in fraudulently moving the sanctity of Muharram to Safar to remove the restrictions of Muharram.
And that does not stem except from the devil and from the soul that commands evil; that adorns making the forbidden permissible and changing the ordainments of Allah. Allah Almighty said:
زُيِّنَ لَهُمْ سُوءُ أَعْمَالِهِمْ وَاللهُ لَا يَهْدِي القَوْمَ الكَافِرِينَ-التوبة 37
At Tawbah (9) 37: Made pleasing to them is the evil of their deeds; and Allāh does not guide the disbelieving people.
So beware, beware of transgressing the limits of Allah – the Most High – and violating his sanctities. Especially in the sacred months in which Allah – the Most High – has forbidden wrongdoing.
فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ-التوبة 36
At Tawbah (9) 36: So do not wrong yourselves during them.
Wrongdoing in the sacred months is belittling their sanctity whether it is wrongdoing to oneself through a sin or wrongdoing to others through speech or action.
Magnifying Allah’s prohibitions is part of magnifying Him the Most High. Allah Almighty said:
جَعَلَ اللهُ الكَعْبَةَ البَيْتَ الحَرَامَ قِيَامًا لِلنَّاسِ وَالشَّهْرَ الحَرَامَ وَالهَدْيَ وَالقَلَائِدَ ذَلِكَ لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ وَأَنَّ اللهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ * اعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ وَأَنَّ اللهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ-المائدة 97-98
Al Maedah (5) 97-98: (97) Allāh has made the Kaʿbah, the Sacred House, standing for the people and [has sanctified] the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the garlands [by which they are identified]. That is so you may know that Allāh knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth and that Allāh is Knowing of all things. (98) Know that Allāh is severe in penalty and that Allāh is Forgiving and Merciful.
أَقُولُ مَا تَسْمَعُونَ وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ لِي وَلَكُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ ذَنْبٍ فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ
I say what you have heard and I seek forgiveness from Allah for me and you from every sin. So seek forgives from Him, Verily He is Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.
الحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ, وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ , وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَاْ إِلَهَ إِلَّاْ اَللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَاْشَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَاً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ
All praise is to Allah, and peace and blessings upon the Messenger of Allah, and I bear witness that there is no deity other than Allah and I bear witness that Mohammad is His slave and messenger.
From the virtues of the month Dhul-Qaʿdah is that the Prophet ﷺ performed Umrah in it four times. It is most likely correct that he never performed Umrah in other than Dhul-Qa’dah. Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
اعْتَمَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّـهِ -صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ- أَرْبَعَ عُمَرٍ، كُلَّهُنَّ فِي ذِي القِعْدَةِ-رَوَاهُ الشَّيْخَانِ
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ performed four Umrahs, all of them in Dhul-Qa’dah. [Bukhari 4148, Muslim 1252c]
In performing Umrah during Dhul-Qa’dah, the Prophet ﷺ nullified the religion of the polytheists because they used to prohibit the Umrah in the months of Hajj. And they used to consider it a grave matter. So the Prophet ﷺ countered them and did not perform Umrah except in Dhul-Qa’dah and it is one of the months of Hajj. As Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:
وَاللَّهِ مَا أَعْمَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَائِشَةَ فِي ذِي الْحِجَّةِ إِلاَّ لِيَقْطَعَ بِذَلِكَ أَمْرَ أَهْلِ الشِّرْكِ
By Allah, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not send Aisha to umrah during Dhul-Hijjah but to discontinue the practice of the polytheists. [Sunan Abi Dawud 1987]
So this indicates that countering those who associate others with Allah and distinguishing Muslims from them, is a great principle of Islam. It falls under Allah Almighty’s words:
وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ قَوْلًا مِمَّنْ دَعَا إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِي مِنَ المُسْلِمِينَ-فصلت 33
Fusilat (41) 33: And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allāh and does righteousness and says, “Indeed, I am of the Muslims.”
So Allah, Glory be to Him, made being proud of Islam, from the best speech. No one can be proud of Islam except if he cherishes it and turns away from the ways of those who associate others with Allah and is distinguished from them. And his religion suffices him from their religion. And his rites suffices him from their rites. And his celebrations suffices him from their celebrations. So he is happy with it in this world and the hereafter. Allah said:
مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ-النحل 97
An Nahl (16) 97: Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life, and We will surely give them their reward [in the Hereafter] according to the best of what they used to do.
Oh Allah make us among those who uphold your prohibitions and magnify what you have magnified. And make us among those who are proud of Your religion and cherish it and hold on to it tightly. Indeed, Allah is All Hearing, Answering.
هَذَا وَصَلُّوا وَسَلِّمُوا عَلَى نَبِيِّكُم كَمَا أَمَرَكُمْ بِذلِكَ رَبُّكُمْ , فَقَالَ
I conclude with this and send prayers of blessings and peace upon your Prophet as your Lord commanded:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا
Al Ahzaab (33) 56: Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [ Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [ Allah to grant him] peace.
اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنا فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ وَعَافِنا فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ وَتَوَلَّنا فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ وَبَارِكْ لنا فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَقِنا شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ إِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ وَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ
O Allah, guide us with those whom You have guided, grant us well-being among those You have granted well-being, be an ally to us along with those whom You are an ally to, and bless what You have bestowed upon us, and save us from the evil of what You have decreed. For verily You decree and none can decree over You. He whom You support can never be humiliated. Glory is to You, our Lord, You are Blessed and Exalted.
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ كُلِّهِ عَاجِلِهِ وَآجِلِهِ مَا عَلِمْنا مِنْهُ وَمَا لَمْ نَعْلَمْ وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الشَّرِّ كُلِّهِ عَاجِلِهِ وَآجِلِهِ مَا عَلِمْنا مِنْهُ وَمَا لَمْ نَعْلَمْ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ خَيْرِ مَا سَأَلَكَ عَبْدُكَ وَنَبِيُّكَ وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا عَاذَ بِهِ عَبْدُكَ وَنَبِيُّكَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ وَنَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ كُلَّ قَضَاءٍ قَضَيْتَهُ لَنا خَيْرًا
O Allah, We ask You for all that is good, in this world and in the Hereafter, what we know and what we do not know. O Allah, we seek refuge with You from all evil, in this world and in the Hereafter, what we know and what we do not know. O Allah, we ask You for the good that Your servant and Prophet has asked You for, and we seek refuge with You from the evil from which Your servant and Prophet sought refuge. O Allah, we ask You for Paradise and for that which brings one closer to it, in word and deed, and we seek refuge in You from Hell and from that which brings one closer to it, in word and deed. And we ask You to make every decree that You decree concerning us good
عِبَادَ اللّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
Servants of Allah. Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded.
اُذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ واشْكُرُوهُ يَزِدْكُمْ واسْتَغْفِرُوهُ يَغْفِرْ لكُمْ واتّقُوهُ يَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَمْرِكُمْ مَخْرَجًا وَأَقِمِ الصّلَاة
Remember Allah, the Great – He will remember you. Thank Him for His favors – He will increase you therein. And seek forgiveness from Him – He will forgive you. And be conscious of Him – He will provide you a way out of difficult matters. And, establish the prayer.
Click here to download a ready to deliver Khutbah transcript in pdf format