https://www.khutbah.info/creation-of-adam/ All praise is due to Allah the Knowing Creator. Sajdah (32) 7-8: (7) Who perfected everything which He created and began the creation of man from clay. (8) Then He made his posterity out of the extract of a liquid disdained. We praise Him the praise of the grateful. And repent to Him with the repentance of the remorseful. And we ask Him of His great favor. For He is the Generous, the Bountiful, the Beneficent, the Merciful. He revealed the Quran as guidance, mercy and glad tidings for the believers and evidence against the disbelievers and hypocrites. And the Almighty sent the Prophet ﷺ as mercy to the worlds, and a model for the doers, and a witness upon all creation. Be conscious of Allah and obey Him. And adhere to His Noble Book. For it the clear light and illuminating lamp and Allah’s sturdy rope. Fussilat (41) 2-4: (2) [This is] a revelation from the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful – (3) A Book whose verses have been detailed, an Arabic Quran for a people who know, (4) As a giver of good tidings and a warner; but most of them turn away, so they do not hear. In Surah Al Baqarah there is abundant knowledge and information. And treasures of wisdom and lessons. And amazing news and narratives. So it is not surprising that the Prophet ﷺ commanded reading it. And he clarified some of its virtue and status. He ﷺ said: Recite Surah Al Baqarah, for taking it is blessing and abandoning it is regret, and the magicians cannot confront it. [Muslim 804a] And from the most important topics covered in Surah Al Baqarah is the narrative of the creation and trial. This is a matter of concern to every sane person because it is related to them. Rather it the most important matter that occupies his mind. And in Surat Al Baqarah it was presented in a clear and understandable manner. The child and young understand it. Also, the illiterate elderly understand it. For it does not have the complexity of the philosophers. Rather it clear with the utmost clarity. So that every person understands and chooses the fate that he wants by performing the deeds leading to it.
إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلَّهِ ,نَحْمَدُهُ ,وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ , وَنَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْ شُرُورِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا ,مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللهُ فَلَا مُضِلَّ لَهُ , وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ , وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
Verily, all praise is for Allah. We praise Him, we seek His assistance and we ask for His forgiveness. And we seek refuge in Him from the evils of our selves. Whoever Allah guides, none can misguide. Whoever He misguides, none can guide. And I bear witness that there is no deity other than Allah and I bear witness that Mohammad is His slave and messenger.
يَا أَيُّهَا الّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ – آل عمران:102
Al Imran 102 : O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam.
All praise is due to Allah the Knowing Creator.
الَّذِي أَحْسَنَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقَهُ وَبَدَأَ خَلْقَ الْإِنْسَانِ مِنْ طِينٍ * ثُمَّ جَعَلَ نَسْلَهُ مِنْ سُلَالَةٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ مَهِينٍ-السَّجْدَةِ: 7-8
Sajdah (32) 7-8: (7) Who perfected everything which He created and began the creation of man from clay. (8) Then He made his posterity out of the extract of a liquid disdained.
We praise Him the praise of the grateful. And repent to Him with the repentance of the remorseful. And we ask Him of His great favor. For He is the Generous, the Bountiful, the Beneficent, the Merciful. He revealed the Quran as guidance, mercy and glad tidings for the believers and evidence against the disbelievers and hypocrites. And the Almighty sent the Prophet ﷺ as mercy to the worlds, and a model for the doers, and a witness upon all creation.
Be conscious of Allah and obey Him. And adhere to His Noble Book. For it the clear light and illuminating lamp and Allah’s sturdy rope.
تَنْزِيلٌ مِنَ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ * كِتَابٌ فُصِّلَتْ آيَاتُهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ * بَشِيرًا وَنَذِيرًا فَأَعْرَضَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ فَهُمْ لَا يَسْمَعُونَ-فُصِّلَتْ: 2 – 4
Fussilat (41) 2-4: (2) [This is] a revelation from the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful – (3) A Book whose verses have been detailed, an Arabic Quran for a people who know, (4) As a giver of good tidings and a warner; but most of them turn away, so they do not hear.
In Surah Al Baqarah there is abundant knowledge and information. And treasures of wisdom and lessons. And amazing news and narratives. So it is not surprising that the Prophet ﷺ commanded reading it. And he clarified some of its virtue and status. He ﷺ said:
اقْرَءُوا سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ, فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ, وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ, وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَةُ-رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
Recite Surah Al Baqarah, for taking it is blessing and abandoning it is regret, and the magicians cannot confront it. [Muslim 804a]
And from the most important topics covered in Surah Al Baqarah is the narrative of the creation and trial. This is a matter of concern to every sane person because it is related to them. Rather it the most important matter that occupies his mind. And in Surat Al Baqarah it was presented in a clear and understandable manner. The child and young understand it. Also, the illiterate elderly understand it. For it does not have the complexity of the philosophers. Rather it clear with the utmost clarity. So that every person understands and chooses the fate that he wants by performing the deeds leading to it.
وَلَا يَظْلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدًا-الْكَهْفِ: 49
Al Kahf 49: And your Lord does injustice to no one.
And at the beginning of the narrative of the creation, Allah Almighty addressed the angels informing them of the creation of mankind and their placement on the earth as a successive authority one generation after the other. Allah said:
وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةً-الْبَقَرَةِ: 30
Al Baqarah (2) 30: And [mention, O Muḥammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.”
And successive authority means giving mankind ownership of the earth and what is on it. To carry out the command of Allah Almighty therein and rule by His ordainments and establish His religion. And for that reason Allah Almighty made all that is on earth at the service of mankind as indicated in the verse before the verse describing the creation of Adam:
هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا-الْبَقَرَةِ: 29
Al Baqarah (2) 29: It is He who created for you all of that which is on the earth.
And Allah Almighty notified the angels of the virtue of mankind. Then the angels questioned, wondering:
قَالُوا أَتَجْعَلُ فِيهَا مَنْ يُفْسِدُ فِيهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاءَ وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 30
Al Baqarah (2) 30: They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we exalt You with praise and declare Your perfection?
And it appears that the angels had knowledge based on what they saw in the nature of the human creation…that he earns and wills. And that he has desire, anger and reason. And this is indicated by the Hadith narrated by Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:
لَمَّا صَوَّرَ اللَّهُ آدَمَ فِي الْجَنَّةِ تَرَكَهُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَتْرُكَهُ, فَجَعَلَ إِبْلِيسُ يُطِيفُ بِهِ, يَنْظُرُ مَا هُوَ, فَلَمَّا رَآهُ أَجْوَفَ عَرَفَ أَنَّهُ خُلِقَ خَلْقًا لَا يَتَمَالَكُ-رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
When Allah fashioned Adam in Paradise, He left him as much as Allah willed to leave him. Then Iblis went around him to see what he was. When he saw that he was hollow from within, he knew that he had been created with a disposition that does not control himself. [Muslim 2611a]
That is, he does not control himself while in a state of anger and desire.
But Allah Almighty knew through His Knowledge and Wisdom that in the creation of mankind and his placement on earth as a successive authority has benefits and advantages. And that the good is more than the disadvantages, harm and evil. And among that is singling out Allah Almighty alone for worship and servitude. As well as carrying and propagating His religion, striving in His way and ruling by His ordainments. And that outweighs corruption and shedding blood:
قَالَ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 30
Al Baqarah (2) 30: He [Allah] said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.”
That is what you do not know of the merit of this creation as successive authority on the earth.
وَعَلَّمَ آدَمَ الْأَسْمَاءَ كُلَّهَا-الْبَقَرَةِ: 31
Al Baqarah (2) 31: And He taught Adam the names – all of them.
And in this regard it was related in Sahih Al Bukhari that Allah Almighty taught Adam the names of everything. So he learned it, because he is able to learn. And this is a virtue that Allah the Most High has singled out mankind. And whoever looks at the knowledge, information and the languages that mankind has acquired over the ages in terms of quality and quantity, it is evident what Allah has given mankind of intellect.
ثُمَّ عَرَضَهُمْ عَلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ فَقَالَ أَنْبِئُونِي بِأَسْمَاءِ هَؤُلَاءِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 31
Al Baqarah (2) 31: Then He showed them to the angels and said, “Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful.”
In it is a response to their claim that He placed a corrupt and blood shedding successive authority on the earth. And showing that there are benefits in whom He gave successive authority and their qualifications in that regard. And this is a test from Allah Almighty for the angels, peace be upon them, for them to see their helplessness and to realize the wisdom in the creation of mankind and the quick learning of Adam, peace be upon him, of the names when he was taught them. And for that reason the Angels, peace be upon them, hastened to perform the servitude of submission to Allah the Lord of the worlds:
قَالُوا سُبْحَانَكَ لَا عِلْمَ لَنَا إِلَّا مَا عَلَّمْتَنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ=الْبَقَرَةِ: 32
Al Baqarah (2) 32: They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”
And similarly the believer should have complete submission to Allah Almighty in matters for which he knows and does not know the wisdom. His lack of knowledge does not negate it. Rather all of Allah Almighty’s actions have a basis and wisdom that mankind does not know except that which Allah Almighty has taught them.
قَالَ يَا آدَمُ أَنْبِئْهُمْ بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 33
Al Baqarah (2) 33: He said, “O Adam, inform them of their names.”
That is the names of what Allah Almighty showed to the angels but they did not know them.
فَلَمَّا أَنْبَأَهُمْ بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 33
Al Baqarah (2) 33: And when he had informed them of their names,
The superiority of Adam over them became clear to the angels. As well as the knowledge and wisdom of Allah Almighty in the successive authority of man on the earth.
قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكُمْ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ غَيْبَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَأَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُونَ وَمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْتُمُونَ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 33
Al Baqarah (2) 33: He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth? And I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.”
And when the Angels knew that they conformed. Allah Almighty honored the origin of mankind and commanded the angels to prostrate to greet him and out of servitude to Allah Almighty. So the angels obeyed, and iblees disobeyed. He was envious of Adam and his progeny. Thus envy and arrogance were among the first sins.
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 34
Al Baqarah (2) 34: And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate before Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers.
And when Allah created Adam and preferred him, the Almighty completed His favor upon him by creating his wife from him so that he could find solace in her and enjoy her company. And he commanded them to live in paradise and eat widely and abundantly from it. Allah said:
وَقُلْنَا يَا آدَمُ اسْكُنْ أَنْتَ وَزَوْجُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَكُلَا مِنْهَا رَغَدًا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمَا وَلَا تَقْرَبَا هَذِهِ الشَّجَرَةَ فَتَكُونَا مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 35
Al Baqarah (2) 35: And We said, “O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.”
And they were prohibited from going near to the tree. It was a test for Adam and his wife, peace be upon them. And the shaytan kept after them until he adorned eating from it for them.
فَأَزَلَّهُمَا الشَّيْطَانُ عَنْهَا فَأَخْرَجَهُمَا مِمَّا كَانَا فِيهِ وَقُلْنَا اهْبِطُوا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ وَلَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 36
Al Baqarah (2) 36: But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, “Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time.”
And with this, trial was written upon mankind until the Day of Resurrection. So whoever obeys the Merciful will be saved and win. And whoever obeys the shaytan will lose and be disappointed.
أَقُولُ مَا تَسْمَعُونَ وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ لِي وَلَكُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ ذَنْبٍ فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ
I say what you have heard and I seek forgiveness from Allah for me and you from every sin. So seek forgives from Him, Verily He is Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.
الحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ, وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ , وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَاْ إِلَهَ إِلَّاْ اَللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَاْشَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَاً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ
All praise is to Allah, and peace and blessings upon the Messenger of Allah, and I bear witness that there is no deity other than Allah and I bear witness that Mohammad is His slave and messenger.
Desire was Adam’s (peace be upon him) driver to sin by eating from the tree. And this shows its danger and that man has weakness in front of desires. So if he falls into the prohibited, repentance is ordained to remove the effects of the sin. For that reason, Adam, peace be upon him, hastened to repent after eating from the tree. And the repentance was a success from Allah Almighty through words that Adam learned from his Lord. These words are:
رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ-الْأَعْرَافِ: 23
Al Araf (2) 36: Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.
It is a means of seeking forgiveness that a believer should recite plentifully. Because of it, Allah Almighty forgave our parents, peace be upon them. Then the children of Adam were divided into two groups and each group will find their recompense with their Lord Almighty. And this is what the narrative of the creation, trial and fate of mankind was concluded with in Surah Al Baqarah. Allah said:
قُلْنَا اهْبِطُوا مِنْهَا جَمِيعًا فَإِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ مِنِّي هُدًى فَمَنْ تَبِعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ * وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا أُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ-الْبَقَرَةِ: 38-39
Al Baqarah (2) 38-39: (38) We said, “Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve. (39) And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs – those will be companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.”Oh Allah protect us from the temptations and whispers of the shaytan. And suffice us from the evil of his enmity. And make us steadfast upon Iman (faith) and righteous deeds until we meet You and You are pleased with us. Indeed Allah is Near, All Hearing, Answering.
هَذَا وَصَلُّوا وَسَلِّمُوا عَلَى نَبِيِّكُم كَمَا أَمَرَكُمْ بِذلِكَ رَبُّكُمْ , فَقَالَ
I conclude with this and send prayers of blessings and peace upon your Prophet as your Lord commanded:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا
Al Ahzaab (33) 56: Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [ Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [ Allah to grant him] peace.
اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنا فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ وَعَافِنا فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ وَتَوَلَّنا فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ وَبَارِكْ لنا فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَقِنا شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ إِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ وَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ
O Allah, guide us with those whom You have guided, grant us well-being among those You have granted well-being, be an ally to us along with those whom You are an ally to, and bless what You have bestowed upon us, and save us from the evil of what You have decreed. For verily You decree and none can decree over You. He whom You support can never be humiliated. Glory is to You, our Lord, You are Blessed and Exalted.
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ كُلِّهِ عَاجِلِهِ وَآجِلِهِ مَا عَلِمْنا مِنْهُ وَمَا لَمْ نَعْلَمْ وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الشَّرِّ كُلِّهِ عَاجِلِهِ وَآجِلِهِ مَا عَلِمْنا مِنْهُ وَمَا لَمْ نَعْلَمْ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ خَيْرِ مَا سَأَلَكَ عَبْدُكَ وَنَبِيُّكَ وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا عَاذَ بِهِ عَبْدُكَ وَنَبِيُّكَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ وَنَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ كُلَّ قَضَاءٍ قَضَيْتَهُ لَنا خَيْرًا
O Allah, We ask You for all that is good, in this world and in the Hereafter, what we know and what we do not know. O Allah, we seek refuge with You from all evil, in this world and in the Hereafter, what we know and what we do not know. O Allah, we ask You for the good that Your servant and Prophet has asked You for, and we seek refuge with You from the evil from which Your servant and Prophet sought refuge. O Allah, we ask You for Paradise and for that which brings one closer to it, in word and deed, and we seek refuge in You from Hell and from that which brings one closer to it, in word and deed. And we ask You to make every decree that You decree concerning us good
عِبَادَ اللّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
Servants of Allah. Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded.
اُذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ واشْكُرُوهُ يَزِدْكُمْ واسْتَغْفِرُوهُ يَغْفِرْ لكُمْ واتّقُوهُ يَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَمْرِكُمْ مَخْرَجًا وَأَقِمِ الصّلَاة
Remember Allah, the Great – He will remember you. Thank Him for His favors – He will increase you therein. And seek forgiveness from Him – He will forgive you. And be conscious of Him – He will provide you a way out of difficult matters. And, establish the prayer.
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